Dr. Ebun Bamgboye
Transplant Association Nigeria (TAN) was established to provide leadership in the science, education, ethics and practice of transplantation in Nigeria. The first transplant in Nigeria was a kidney transplant done in March 2000. Since then, transplant as a means of managing disease conditions, illnesses or injuries has made little progress.
Over the last 12 years there have been thousands of known cases of patients needing transplants. Using kidney transplants as an example, some patients travelled overseas, mainly to India for their surgeries while the majority of them died. It is estimated that for every known case of kidney failure for which a kidney transplant would have been the optimal choice in managing the condition, 3 other cases are either not detected or misdiagnosed.
While transplantation can be via organ or tissue donation, organ transplant is far more common in Nigeria accounting for over 98% of all transplants done. Tissue transplantations are a rarity; the first deceased corneal transplant was done at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital in August 2010 and the first stem transplant was done at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital in October 2011.
TAN’s main objective in providing leadership in this area will in the long term make the option of transplantation viable and safe for those who need it.
Membership is open to all professionals working in the field of transplantation; non-physicians like coordinators, statisticians and policy makers with the relevant qualifications can also be members.
Dr. Ebun Bamgboye
Prof. Fatiu Arogundade
Prof. E.O. Olapade-Olaopa
Dr. Augustine O. Takure
Dr. C.O. Amira
Prof. Aliyu Abdu
Assistatnt General Secretary
Dr. M. Helen Mamveh
Clinical transplantation is now a well established and advanced science in the developed world. The first successful human kidney transplant was performed in 1954 by Murray and Merrill in Boston, between identical twins and with long-term survival. This triumph, for which Murray later received the Nobel Prize, confirmed the technical viability of kidney transplantation and its ability to reverse the effects of end stage renal disease.
The first set of cornea graft in Nigeria was performed in the late 60’s and early 70’s. A cornea graft decree was signed into law on May 5th 1973. Thirty years later the issue was revisited, the need for an eye bank and cornea grafting. In 2008, the eye bank for restoring the sight was birthed. Some private eye hospitals had been performing Keratoplasty with corneas sourced from abroad. The take off has been very slow due to cultural beliefs and taboos. Till date we've had two indigenous donors. The corneas after harvesting were grafted and the recipients are doing fine. Till date the eye bank has facilitated 83 cornea grafts. The corneas were sourced from India and the USA.
The first kidney transplant in Nigeria was performed in 2000 at Saint Nicholas Hospital by Mr. Gordon Williams and Mr. Ayo Shonibare was the assistant surgeon; Dr. Ebun Bamgboye was the transplant Nephrologist. This pioneering work was later followed by successful kidney transplantation at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, led by Professor Akinsola, Professor Badmus and Professor Fatiu Arogundade. The interest in renal transplantation development continued to grow with another success story reported at Aminu Kano University Teaching Hospital by Mr. Sani Alhassan and Dr. Bappa Adamu.
The pace of development of the field of Transplantation has been very slow in Nigeria compared to the rest of the developed world, and it was the need to stimulate interest and growth in this clinical specialty that brought the association into existence.
In 2008 a steering committee was set up to take on this task and members (Mr. Ayo Shonibare, Mr. Sani Alhasan, Mr. Bunmi Olapade-Olaopa, Professor Felicia Eke, Dr Ademola Aderibigbe and Dr. Ebun Bamgboye) had their first meeting on Saturday 13th December 2008, at Jade Chinese Restaurant Ikeja. Membership of the steering committee was increased to include Dr. Fatiu Arogundade, Dr Bappa Adamu, Dr Mosun Faderin, Dr. M. O. Buhari and Dr. E. Anomneze and a second meeting was held on 15th August 2009. The members of the committee continued to work collectively to facilitate further development and growth of the field of Transplantation. A third meeting was held on 24th October 2009 and another in January 2010 to prepare for our inaugural meeting which took place on 31st July 2010. Our first scientific meeting took place on 1st August 2012.
Transplantation science in Nigeria is still an emerging field and numerous challenges account for the slow pace of development. The interest in transplantation continues to grow and a total of 9 centres have performed renal transplantation in the country to date. The demand for organ replacement therapy will continue to grow and the association is focused on providing leadership in the science, education, ethics and practice of transplantation in Nigeria.
Contributors: Dr. Ayo Shonibare and Dr. Mosun Faderin.